Power saving tips is importan in todays days. Operating the light switch when leaving the room has been the norm for decades. However, a lot has happened since the invention of the light bulb and we rely on electricity around the clock at home. Renewable domestic Domestic electricity consumption is correspondingly high. It is now clear that whoever saves electricity is not only good for your wallet, but also for the environment. But what is the best way to save electricity at home? Discover 21 tips for saving energy with which you can easily organize your everyday life in an energy-saving way!
- Economical devices without a battery
Electrical devices such as toothbrushes, razors and telephones, when connected directly to the mains, consume considerably less electricity than devices that are operated with a battery.
LED lamp of energy efficiency class A + with a weighted energy consumption of 3 kWh / 1000h
You can find out how high the energy consumption of a device is or how energy-efficient it is using the EU energy label. If you are unsure which device consumes the least electricity, compare the respective information on the EU energy label of the models with battery and with mains connection .
- Pay attention to the energy efficiency class for new devices
Regardless of whether it is a dishwasher, washing machine or kettle, the following generally applies: the higher the energy efficiency, the better . You should therefore always include the energy efficiency class when making a purchase decision . In the end , more expensive devices can be worthwhile to purchase if they consistently consume less energy than cheaper models.
As already mentioned, the EU energy label shows you how energy efficient a device is. Products marked with A +++ and in dark green have a very high energy efficiency , while red or D stand for very poor energy efficiency.
A revised EU energy label will apply from March 2021 , which no longer has the plus classes A +, A ++ and A +++. Categorization is now only from A (very good) to G (very bad).
- Plug out
With a multiple socket outlet you can pull out several plugs at once
The stand-by mode is indeed more energy efficient than the normal operation, but the devices consume in this mode still current . The best way to avoid this unnecessary energy requirement is to pull the plug .
By the way, it is not only good for your electricity bill to disconnect the devices from the power grid. This also prevents possible causes of fire : If an electrical device has a defect inside and overheats, an electrical fire can quickly occur.
Tip : If pulling the plug is too annoying or if the socket is in an inconvenient place, you can use a socket strip with a switch . This allows the electricity to be conveniently switched off.
- Energy-saving refrigerator in the right place
There are devices that use a lot of electricity and we cannot just pull the plug every now and then. The refrigerator, for example. So before buying, think about whether you need a freezer compartment and how big the refrigerator actually needs to be.
However , electricity can be saved not only with the right refrigerator, but also with the right position . Put the refrigerator in as cold a place as possible and do not cool it more than necessary . This also applies to freezers and freezers: ideally, place the freezer in the cellar.
In addition, always make sure that there is sufficient distance to the wall for the refrigerator’s drycooler . So that the heat can also flow upwards, you should put as little as possible on the refrigerator . By the way, air conducts heat poorly, so a full refrigerator is not only a beautiful sight, but is also better for the electricity bill.
Tip : give the refrigerator a break when you go on vacation. Simply switch off and defrost during this time.
A fully packed refrigerator is entirely in line with the energy saving plan!
- Cooking with gas
A gas stove works with gas and is accordingly – who would have thought it – particularly energy-saving. But compared to an electric stove, it is actually more environmentally friendly and only uses about half as much primary energy . This is due to the fact that heat is generated directly from the gas, while the electricity must first be obtained from other energy sources.
If you cook with gas, it is estimated that only half of the CO 2 is released as with a conventional electric stove. You can still use your pots as the gas stove does not require special pans . Incidentally, some chefs are convinced that dishes cooked with gas taste better.
- Cooking with the lid on
Regardless of whether it is a gas stove or an electric stove, it is well known that heat “rises” upwards . If the pot is not covered, the heat can flow freely towards the ceiling. If the pot is covered, the generated heat stays inside . In addition, the meal will be ready sooner!
It is best to use a glass lid , then you can look inside the pot without constantly lifting the lid . Because valuable heat is lost every time.
Tip : Make sure youchoose a saucepan that matches the size of the hotplate and the amount of ingredients . In this way you do not heat up an unnecessarily large saucepan and no energy is lost through a stove that is too large.
Kettles & Co. are more energy efficient than electric stoves
- You don’t always have to use the stove!
Do you have electrical appliances such as coffee machines, kettles and egg boilers in your kitchen, then use them! These devices use an average of over a third less electricity than an electric stove.
Only fill the kettle with as much water as you actually need. However, the kettle is rather unsuitable for boiling eggs.
Note : Don’t just worry about your own electricity bill, but also about the ecological balance if you do not usecoffee machines with aluminum pads. The production of these pads requires a lot of energy and is polluting.
- Bake without preheating – cook with residual heat
You don’t want to generate unnecessary heat that is ultimately not used? Then only preheat your oven if the pre-run time is crucial for the success of the food . While pizza or biscuit dough, for example, like to have it really warm right from the start, the oven does not have to be preheated for a casserole.
The residual heat can also be ideally used with the electric hob and the oven . If the dish is only to simmer or cook a little, you can switch off the hotplate 10 to 15 minutes earlier and the oven 5 to 10 minutes earlier .
The oven is not efficient with small portions . Preferably use the stove. The same applies to the oven as the pot lid: the more often you open the oven door , the more heat is lost and more energy is used.
- Allow the refrigerator and freezer to defrost
Is the space in the freezer becoming tight because a thick layer of ice has formed? Then it is high time to defrost ! The icing is not only annoying, it also drives up electricity consumption unnecessarily . For efficient operation, the ice should already be thawed from a layer about one centimeter thick .
The increased power consumption can be explained quite simply: the ice layer makes it more difficult for the cold from the cooling coils to get inside . The icy cooling coils in the refrigerator or freezer have to cool for longer and use more energy overall to create icy conditions and keep your ice cubes in shape.
Tip : If your refrigerator does not have an automatic defrost function , you will probably have to defrost it yourself. But you can easily speed up the defrosting process: put a bowl of hot water inside to melt the ice more quickly. Don’t forget to wipe the inside dry before putting the freezer back into operation.
- Heating down, door closed
If you turn down the heating and think of sitting in front of the sofa in your winter coat and gloves, then we can calm you down. Because you can save heating energy without taking drastic measures .
With every degree less , an estimated six percent heating energy is saved . It is therefore particularly important to regulate the temperature correctly and set it individually for each room .
While you like to have it cozy and warm in the bathroom at 23 ° C , 16 to 18 ° C is enough in the bedroom . In living rooms such as the living room and children’s rooms, 20 to 22 ° C is a guideline. In the kitchen, 18 to 20 ° C is optimal and if you like to cook and bake a lot, it will get really warm quickly anyway.
It is also important to ventilate vigorously every now and then rather than tilting the windows continuously. Remember to turn off the radiator during this time .
Note : Be sure to vent the heater before winter. If a radiator is not properly ventilated, it will consume a lot of energy.
- Lights off
Keep a watchful eye on your light switch – the motion detector!
This energy saving tip is well known and still effective: Lights off! If there is no one in the room, the light does not have to be on. Just make sure you always think of the light when you leave a room and switch it off if necessary.
This applies even more to parts of the house that are not used as often, such as the basement and garage. If you leave the light on here, the unnecessary power consumption will most likely go unnoticed for several hours . In the hallway or stairwell , too , people like to leave the light on for convenience.
Tip : If, for example, going to the light switch in the stairwell seems particularly difficult, you can have your light switched automatically via a motion detector .
- Use LED lamps and energy-saving lamps
Not only the burning time , but also the type of light source can make a difference in terms of energy consumption. Energy-saving lamps consume around 70 percent less electricity than a conventional light bulb. While the power consumption and the CO2 emissions in production speak for an energy-saving lamp , it has fallen into disrepute in recent years because of its toxic mercury content .
So if you want to avoid hazardous waste and still save energy, LED lamps are a good alternative . The slightly higher acquisition costs pay off over time thanks to a reduction in energy consumption of up to 85 percent compared to conventional light bulbs .
- Energy-hungry apps in the background
You only charged the battery a few hours ago and now it’s empty again ? If the battery charge on a smartphone or tablet appears to be visibly dwindling, it is mostly apps that are running in the background that are to blame.
While some apps have an energy-saving background mode, others “eat” battery power all the time . The Facebook app is commonly known as a power hog. In general, apps that send you notifications frequently are potential handheld vacuums.
Navigation apps are also particularly power hungry . Therefore, always make sure to deactivate the location function when not in use . The flashlight function should also not be switched on permanently. Your smartphone needs the least battery in flight mode . So treat yourself and your intelligent helper to some radio silence every now and then.
Note : You can usuallydisplayhow much battery charge is used by which apps in the battery settings .
- Wash sparingly
If you want to save electricity, you should also save water!
The best way to save on washing is to wash less overall . Of course, this tip is of little use when the mountains of laundry pile up at home. But even if a lot of laundry has to be washed , there is potential for savings.
Basically, it is important to buy a washing machine that is as energy efficient as possible . Anyone who washes a lot can save so much energy with a new machine that even a given older washing machine is more expensive in the long run .
In addition to the energy efficiency of the washing machine, the washing temperature also has a major influence on electricity and water consumption . For example, if you wash at 40 instead of 60 ° C, you can save up to half the energy . The economy programs of modern washing machines therefore usually wash at 30 ° C. So just switch down and select a lower temperature level .
In addition, with today’s washing machines and detergents, pre-wash is no longer necessary. In addition, make sure that you only wash when the washing machine is actually full .
- Let laundry dry on a drying rack
Electricity can be saved not only when washing, but also when drying. After all, tumble dryers are convenient, but they consume a lot of energy . So use the natural dryer on sunny and warm days and let the laundry dry on the clothesline .
Even if the laundry cannot be dried outside, boiler rooms, for example, offer good conditions for drying the laundry on the drying rack . The nice thing about the natural drying process: It doesn’t need any electricity at all.
Note : The more the laundry is spun , the less moisture remains in the textiles and the faster they dry. While a spinning process with 1000 revolutions is sufficient for the clothesline, 1200 revolutions or more are recommended for the laundry which is then put into the dryer.
- Reduce water consumption
Save electricity by saving water ? Exactly! Because on average, a quarter of the water consumption in Germany is hot water . And for water to become hot water, energy has to be consumed.
Even small changes can save you water in everyday life . For example, be careful not to leave the tap running all the time while brushing your teeth . Also use a toothbrush tumbler . You can save even more by turning off the tap on the sink or in the shower while you are soaping yourself up .
In the kitchen you can wash the vegetables with a large bowl to save water . If you have a lot of plants or a garden, it is best to use collected rainwater for watering . You can also save electricity in the garden by not mowing the lawn too often .
In general: dripping taps are an absolute taboo in a water-saving household!
Note : Look for a water-saving modelfor the dishwasher . The machine should not consume more than 17 liters per cycle and should only be fully loaded or at least operated in the economy program.
- Install the economy shower head and flow limiter
While showering with a normal shower saves water in itself compared to a full bath, you can also save water when showering yourself .
Economy shower heads, pearl jets and flow limiters optimize the water jet so that less water is used while showering comfort remains the same . The principle behind it is as follows: The water jet is divided or enriched with air at the tap, so that the pressure and surface of the water increase and less water is required .
The water consumption can be reduced by half without noticing anything in the shower. In addition to economy shower heads, there is another water- saving hero in the bathroom: the economy cistern for the toilet. While 7 to 9 liters of water are used in a normal rinsing process , an economy button only uses 3 to 5 liters of water .
A flow heater only warms the water when you need it.
Note : Check regularly that the toilet flush is not defective and that water is not running into the toilet continuously. Similar to a dripping tap, here in the end many liters of water are channeled unused into the sewer system.
- Switch off the hot water storage tank or replace it with a flow heater
Hot water storage tanks or electric boilers offer certain advantages in terms of convenience, as they store a certain amount of hot water and keep it ready for later use. So it is just a matter of turning on the tap and warming water! However, the constant heating of the water absorbs a lot of electricity , which is why boilers constantly consume electricity. Boilers should therefore be switched off at night or when nobody is at home.
If you don’t want to switch off the hot water tank all the time to save electricity, instantaneous water heaters offer an alternative. These only use electricity when really warm water is needed and only for the required amount of water .
Here, however, a little patience or courage is required: a certain lead time is required, which is why cold water comes first before hot water is finally available. Also make sure that you only set the water temperature that is actually required .
Tip : Alternatively, you can use solar collectors to generate heat for hot water preparation and heating. Even in the cold season, the solar energy is sufficient to heat a considerable part of the water.
- Avoid air conditioning
In hot temperatures, it is better to use a fan than an air conditioner
At particularly high temperatures, there is only one real salvation for many: the air conditioning. But as quickly as air conditioning systems cool down comfortably in the heat, they also drive up electricity costs .
If you don’t want to break a sweat when looking at the electricity bill, you should opt for conventional alternatives such as fans and the correct approach to ventilation . An open refrigerator in the room is not an energy-saving alternative to air conditioning.
If you do not want to do without your air conditioning system entirely, you can also exploit the savings potential in its operation . For example, avoid direct sunlight in the room and keep the windows and doors closed . Position the air conditioner as freely as possible so that the cooled air can circulate well in the room and do not set the temperature too cold.
- Saving energy with digital helpers
If you want to reduce your electricity consumption, it is helpful to know your own energy consumption . If you know exactly where you are using and how much electricity, it will be easier for you to take appropriate savings measures.
There are now numerous tools, apps and websites that you can use to display and evaluate your own consumption . So-called “ smart meters ” also play an important role in saving energy. These electronic electricity meters can be intelligently networked via a communication interface and can transmit the energy consumption promptly.
- Generate electricity yourself & switch to green electricity
Free & perfect for a green conscience: solar energy!
Save electricity or not, even the most ardent saver continues to use electricity. In order to reduce the costs for the remaining electricity consumption in the long term , there are now opportunities for private individuals.
The sun is a particularly popular source of energy . While solar thermal energy is suitable for water heating , you can generate electricity with solar cells in the form of photovoltaic systems or mini solar systems . In this way, part of the domestic energy requirement can be covered by solar energy.
Wind is an alternative source of energy . Since there are numerous templates and regulations associated with modern wind turbines, a mini wind turbine is particularly suitable. Approval is easier than with a giant wind turbine.
Anyone who does not want to become a private electricity producer but still wants to make a contribution to reducing CO 2 emissions can switch to a green electricity provider . Switching is easy and the tariffs for green electricity are often even cheaper than those of conventional providers.
Note : If something goes wrong when switching to green electricity, you still don’t suddenly find yourself in the dark . Your network operator is fundamentally obliged to continue to supply you with electricity.
Conclusion: small measures lead to big savings
Even those who do not live in the straw hut far away from any electricity have numerous possibilities to reduce their own energy consumption considerably . No matter whether in the bathroom, in the kitchen or in the basement, energy-saving potential lies dormant in every corner.
Often it is little things like the use of the right light source or the proper switching off of electrical devices that have a positive effect on the electricity bill . Just being informed about “power guzzlers ” and being aware of them already influences us when dealing with domestic electricity .
It is up to each consumer to decide which measures are ultimately taken . The devices are still used to support the household and even if completely doing without it represents the ultimate saving measure, the originally desired comfort for the consumer is lost.
Use your devices consciously and still for your enjoyment : If the sun is shining and you can hang your laundry on the clothesline whistling happily, this is ideal. If you just want to quickly stuff your laundry into the dryer on a cold rainy day, that’s fine too. Now you know how you can use simple tricks to do something for your wallet and your green conscience!